This is the third sculpture in a series of experimental systems carried out between 2010 and 2013.     [Research Background]   The pursuit of this research was to develop a methodology to create complex structural systems within a parametric framework and to develop a criteria for assessing and discussing their success.  They each began with a simple intention and developed through their respective processes to be far more interesting than expected.  The methodology refined by these studies mandated a practiced understanding of the material processes involved as well as a dependence on feed back from iteration.    Parametric Theory, was not assumed to be inherently linked to digital algorithmic computation, but rather an exciting theoretical framework that has tremendous analog implications as well.  It is believed that the current conflagration of computational systems has served to expose us to a world that was perhaps already inherent to us, one that can and should be pursued by a multitude of techniques and art forms.    Each of these systems began with a vague intention.  Then components and connection strategies were invented to best carry out the intention.  As material and process realities affected the assembly of the systems, new limits and opportunities arose and were evaluated against the original intention, providing added authorship potential.   Bronze Extroversion Intentions   This Case Study began with the intention to develop a multi-layered, organic system from the principal of reflecting light indirectly from a multitude of individual light sources built into each part. It was conceived as a structural and aesthetic inversion of the previous two studies.   Component   To achieve indirect light, each component was designed to both hold a light source, in this case an LED, and to reflect the light. As with earlier bronze studies, each had to be shaped to transmit liquid metal as well as fuse to adjacent parts. The parts were cut from a flat sheet of wax. One half was punctured to hold a lamp and the other was shaped into a parabolic reflector.  They were then folded so that the lamp socket pointed into the reflector.   Aggregation/Mutation Strategy   This is a system of similar parts with a variable connection strategy. However, the variable connection was only intended to have partial effect on the mutation of the final form. Based on experience from previous work with wax, it was apparent that the soft wax structure would deform most from imperfections and the effects of gravity during assembly. The wax parts were fused together leaving appendages that held air vents. Once cast, the filled air vents were removed and the same appendages served to hold wood spikes intended to insulate copper wires from the bronze. Finally, LEDs were inserted with one lead touching the bronze and one touching the outer copper wire grid creating a parallel circuit to power the lamps.   Result   During the casting process, an air bubble prevented the mold from filling entirely with bronze.  The resulting piece was missing a third of its intended form.  Despite some new emergent properties, the form exhibited more of a decayed effect than one of growth, as was originally intended.  It was decided to rebuild the missing parts in wax, directly onto the bronze and re-cast the piece with aluminum. Aluminum has a much lower melting point than bronze, allowing it to fuse without destroying the original form.  The lost wax process was repeated and the successful final piece retained its formal consistency while gaining a bimetallic finish.  Perhaps the most interesting discovery occurred when the LED lamps were finally lit.  As hoped, the shadows produced on adjacent surfaces were stunning and intricate.  The system inherently produced the complex lighting effect that the first study produced only when lit from above.
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